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What is Schizophrenia?Historical & Contemporary Understandings of SchizophreniaSchizophrenia Symptoms and DiagnosisSchizophrenia TreatmentSchizophrenia References
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Schizophrenia References

Rashmi Nemade, Ph.D. & Mark Dombeck, Ph.D.

Schizophrenia References

Diagnostic criteria from DSM-IV-R. Washington, D.C., American Psychiatric Association.

Morrison, J (2001) DSM-IV Made Easy.  The Guilford Press, New York, NY.

Douglas, D. (October 11, 2005). Schizophrenia: Early Treatment Improves Outcome. Reuters Health Information - Medline Plus.

Torrey, E. F. (2001). Surviving schizophrenia : a manual for families, consumers, and providers. New York, Quill.

Negative symptoms in schizophrenia -


Schizophrenia Drug Face-Off: No Clear Winner: Surprise Finding: Older Antipsychotics Can Be as Good as New Ones -

Hitti, M [2005] Electroshock Therapy May Help Schizophrenia:  Antipsychotic Medications Still the First Choice for Treatment, Say Researchers -

Schizophrenia and the Family: Double Bind Theory Revisited

Mathijs Koopmans - York College/ City University of New York -

Walsh E, Buchanan A, Fahy T.(2002) Violence and schizophrenia: examining the evidence. Br J Psychiatry. 2002 Jun;180:490-5.

Miyamoto S, Duncan GE, Marx CE, Lieberman JA. (2005) Treatments for schizophrenia: a critical review of pharmacology and mechanisms of action of antipsychotic drugs. Mol Psychiatry. 2005 Jan;10(1):79-104.

Adrienne C. Lahti, M.D., Henry H. Holcomb, M.D., Deborah R. Medoff, Ph.D., Martin A. Weiler, M.D., Carol A. Tamminga, M.D., and William T. Carpenter, Jr., M.D. (2001) Abnormal Patterns of Regional Cerebral Blood Flow in Schizophrenia With Primary Negative Symptoms During an Effortful Auditory Recognition Task. Am J Psychiatry 158:1797-1808,